The symbols give an identity to its nation, which bind the people together with united mind and principle.
National Flag is rectangular in shape and diagonally divided into two parts, along with a dragon in the middle. The dragon symbolise the history, character and values of Bhutan as a nation. The upper yellow in colour signifies the secular authority and fruitful action of the king. The lower orange signifies the religion practice and spirituals power of Buddhism.
The national emblem is in a circle; comprises a double diamond thunder bolt (Dorje) placed above a lotus, surmounted by a jewel and framed by two dragons. The double diamond thunder bolt, signify the purity, the two dragon male and female enclosing the Dorji symbolise the name of the country- ‘‘Drukyul’’ (Land of Thunder Dragon).
Cypress (Cupressus Corneyana), the national tree, once Bhutan was known as “Tshenden Mengyi Jong” (the valley of cypress and herbs) due to adandance growth of cypress and aromatic plant. Other aspect is that some of the ancient temples, such as the Kuje Lhakang and Nabji Lhakhang have a cypress tree standing majestically outside, as people believes that Guru Rinpoche planted the day he visited to Bhutan, and also it signifies the wealth of the country in terms of natural resources.
Bluepuppy (Meconopsis Grandis), Bhutan’s national flower, which grows above the tree line at altitiudes between 11,480 and 14,760ft (3500m to 4500m). It blooms only once during its lifetime of several years, once the Bluepuppy was considered to be Himalayan myth, along with Yeti.
Takin (Budorcas Taxicolor), Bhutan’s national animal. Some Takin migrates to subalpine forest and alpine meadows (3700m) and during winter in temperate broadleaf forest (2000m to 3000), its unique looks and rareness signify the uniqueness of the country. In the 15th century, the great Lama Drukpa Kinley (Divine Madman) visited Bhutan. While travelling he was asked to perform magical powers by the people around the country. The saint demanded that he should be first served a whole cow and a goat for lunch. He proceeded to demolish them with great relish and left only the bones, after a loud satisfied burp, he took and placed the goat’s head on the bones of the cow. And then with a snap of his figure commanded the sange beast to rise up and graze on the mountainside, this animal came to known as takin (Dong Gyem Tshey), we see this strange animal grazing on the mountainside and in zoo of Bhutan today.
National day is celebrated on 17th of December, when Gongsar Ugen Wangchuk, then first king ascended the Golden Throne in Punakha Dzong. 17th December is a day to remember all the heroes of the past for preserving the independence of our country.
The national bird is the Raven (Corvus Corax Tibetanus). Its symbolism is wrapped in mysticism and yet occupies a realistic place in the history of Bhutan; it signifies the protection of the country by the protective deities, Yeshey Goenpo and Pelden Lhamo.